Feb 26, PDF Download The Francken Manuscript , by Henry Andrew Francken. To overcome the issue, we now give you the modern technology. Sep 10, Click link bellow and free register to download ebook: THE FRANCKEN MANUSCRIPT BY HENRY ANDREW FRANCKEN. DOWNLOAD. General Francken, appointed by Morin, opened and duly constituted a Grand Lodge of Perfection in Albany,. State of New York, which is still actively at work.
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The Scottish Rite degree rituals recorded in the Francken Manuscript and what we know of their communication during most of the nineteenth century. Nov 18, To view the video you need to download quicktime_icons 73 a Francken manuscript " in the personal keeping of the District Grand. ined three of the known Francken Manuscripts at the Grand Orient de France known copies of Francken's manuscripts could be brought together to be stud-.
The reasons for this are not hard to find.
File:Henry Andrew Francken Manuscript - In the Glory of the Grand Architect of the Universe.jpg
As products of an earlier age they reflected the times that produced them, when society was accustomed to harsh punishments and untroubled by many things that would disturb a more modern consciousness. The fact is that although the world contains much trouble yet, civilization as a whole is advancing and the mind of man is evolving into levels of sensibility quite unknown to many of our forefathers.
And this advancement has been greatly accelerated by the rise of modern communication and the interconnectedness of men today. One can see this in the collective Internet outcry against repression and brutality by governments around the world and the efforts of these governments to silence this medium. It was M. Illustrious Brother Lichliter was following a tradition of development and evolution in the degrees of the Scottish Rite that had been going on for generations.
Many of the early degrees of our rite were little more than an obligation and an historical lecture. Beginning with the Raymond Council of May , committees were appointed to review and prepare a working ritual of the degrees of the Scottish Rite.
Enoch T. Since this time ritual revisions have been a regular part of the Scottish Rite along with changes in the staging of the work.
Until then, its leaders should never abandon study of the philosophy of its ritualistic teachings that, by recast and revision, it may keep in the van of advancing civilization.
John was a minister and an Active Member for New York. He created the allegory we all know and love of Constans and his temptations and with it a new vision of the Royal Secret as being a story of love rather than revenge. The degrees of the Scottish Rite are not exercises in historic re-enactment, but the expression of an ever evolving philosophy.
Based upon the past, our degrees yet look forward to the future, to a time when the highest aspiration of our forefathers of a worldwide Brotherhood of man may be realized. Men make the work of the rite rather than the work making the men, and our degrees must reflect the values and aspirations of the men of today, of the 21st century.
Our rite must be a part of our developing world, not a museum of outmoded thought. This of course is simply my opinion. However, I invite you to peruse the pages of the Franken Manuscript for yourself and see if you do not form a similar conclusion.
It is a priceless look into our past and into the conceptions and thinking of the men who formed our rite. Those degrees, however, almost from the first went through a number of stages of change; a steady march to the system we have today. Yet even these Pike revisions were based upon the work of many of the men of our own Supreme Council over the years, such as Hays, Enoch Terry Carson, and K. Van Rensselaer. When you joined the rite, you saw the work as it was at that moment.
What you saw was not ancient timeless work, but that moment of a constant evolution both in the degrees and the men who performed them.
In this, as in every other aspect of life, it is impossible to step in the same river twice. What will the degrees of the future rite be like? The only sure answer is that they will be different to suit a different world and a different time. Due to the fact that everyone may not have access to Facebook. Note: I am leaving out comments that I felt were extraneous, humorous, or non-informative — with one exception. They were restored by J.
When Pike was communicated the degrees by Mackey he had not yet even heard of the Ancient and Accepted Rite, and was thoroughly unimpressed. Pike borrowed from every existing rite. Lichliter died before he could finish his research, also. To suggest that Pike, though a genius, walked down from the mountain like Moses, is silly. I have nothing but the utmost respect for Pike and Bro. De Hoyos, but a public attack of Bro.
Ginette was unnecessary. I am disappointed. Jerry, just a correction. Not the recent ones, but those in question? And the question of the timeline here suggests mid s. Jerry, I assure you that no offense is intended. After receiving many emails about this published error, I believe it needs to be corrected. It was mutually beneficial.
Prior to that he received and promoted the Scottish Rite, and provided copies of the SJ rituals to Gourgas, which he obtained from Barker in The way it reads, I would be inclined to agree, as Pike would not have been revising ritual in the s as far as I know. But, this is where the execution of history is tricky: I would almost posit that the above paragraph is meant to mislead, or is just a case of careless writing. How are we sure that he did not?
Are the Yates revisions still extant? Has a comparative textual analysis been done? Pike often borrowed freely… Feb. For non-historians this may sound like a simple act, but for those of us who have written much history, we have learned that to do this is anything but simple.
Or, there may a temptation to omit facts which run contrary to the interests or traditions of his associates, friends, or even the organization for which he works. He may be forced to admit that he was wrong about previously held notions or ideas upon which other historians have subsequently relied.
He may have to relinquish his claim to being the foremost expert on a subject when another rises whose work shines a greater light upon otherwise obscure and troublesome issues of the past. But if he is true to himself none of this will matter to him, because all interests are worthy sacrifices upon the altar of truth … One of the first things I learned about Alain is that he does not desire criticism about his own research; rather, he demands it.
It was his almost fanatical devotion to the truth, and the truth alone, which soon formed a bond between us, and is the basis of a friendship which I hold near my heart.
Quite often research resources can be missed or misinterpreted. Peer review in this particular instance has proved valuable. Certainly due respect is accorded for Ill. Ginette as he has come to his conclusions through his research, and due respect should be accorded Ill. The peer review process is a great help to me as well, as I have made my own mistakes. Great job to you both. I am not attempting in any way to discredit Pike and his vast impact on the Fraternity, but rather, Bro.
John No 1 bis.
He appended a copy of a certificate issued to an apprentice by "his master frie Mason, in the Year of our Lord , and in the raign of our Soveraign Lady Elizabeth the 22 year". Two other Scottish constitutions, the Kilwinning and the Aberdeen, declare that masons are liegemen of the King of England.
This suggests an English origin of at least some of the Scottish Old Charges. James Anderson was commissioned to digest the "gothic constitutions" into a more palatable form. The result, in , was the first printed constitutions. While manuscript constitutions continued to be used in unaffiliated lodges, their condensation into print saw them die out by the end of the century.
Anderson's introduction advertised a history of Freemasonry from the beginning of the world.
Anderson's regulations, the second part of the book, followed on a set of charges devised by George Payne during his second term as Grand Master. Both charges and regulations were geared to the needs of a Grand Lodge, necessarily moving away from the simplicity of the originals.
When a new Grand Lodge sprang up to carry the older rite, which they saw as abandoned by the "Moderns", their constitutions had a different approach to history.
Ahiman Rezon parodied the old history of the craft, and Anderson's research.
The charges and regulations of the Antients were derived from Anderson by way of Pratt's Irish Constitutions. The earliest, dating from , is the Scottish Edinburgh Register House manuscript [MS], which gives a catechism and a certain amount of ritual of the Entered Apprentice and a Fellow Craft ceremonies.
It was named after the building in which it was discovered, which houses the Scottish National Archives. The Trinity College Manuscript, discovered in Dublin, Ireland, but which is clearly of Scottish origin, has been dated to c. The recently discovered Airlie MS dated is therefore the second oldest known Scottish stonemasons' rituals. They therefore have three functions but for ease of reference they are commonly described as 'rituals'. Collectively they are known as the 'Scottish School'.
Hailed as the world's oldest masonic ritual, the Edinburgh Register House manuscript of starts with a catechism for proving a person who has the word is really a mason. Among other things, the person seeking entry is expected to name their lodge as Kilwinning, attributing the origin to Lodge Mother Kilwinning in Ayrshire. The first lodge is ascribed to the porchway of King Solomon's Temple , and the form of the lodge outlined in a question and answer session, the form of the answers often being highly allegorical.
A fellow craft is further expected to know and explain a masonic embrace called the five points of fellowship. The second half of the document describes all or part of an initiation ritual as the "form of giveing the mason word".
It is named after the family who owned it - the Earls of Airlie. Because the ownership and therefore the location of the MS is known it is of immense importance in understanding the origins of Freemasonry before the Grand Lodge era from They differ mainly in having the giving of the Mason Word as the first part of the text, followed by the catechism of the first and second degrees in the form of questions and answers.
In the Trinity college text the Mason Word is actually written down as "Matchpin", and appears to be part of an early Master Mason's degree. It was in this unlikely location that a lodge was founded in by men who were mainly local landowners.
The significance of this lodge lies in the fact that none of its members were stonemasons, confirming that modern Freemasonry was fully evolved in Scotland before the appearance of centralised authority in the form of Grand Lodges.
The minute book of the lodge, which is extant, commences in and inside the front covers is the part which is identical to the last portion of the Edinburgh Register House and Airlie MSS. Although not complete the missing part was almost certainly removed for reasons of secrecy the Haughfoot fragment is sufficient to confirm that it was very likely to have been identical to the two previously mentioned MSS.
The 'fragment' was probably retained because the minute of the first meeting of the Lodge commences immediately after this portion of ritual on the same page. The Graham Manuscript appears to have been written in , and obvious scribal errors within it indicate that it was copied from another document.
It turned up in Yorkshire during the s, but its exact origin is unknown, Lancashire, Northumberland, and South Scotland all being suggested. The document is headed The whole Institution of free Masonry opened and proved by the best of tradition and still some reference to scripture, There follows an examination, in the form of the sort of question and answer catechism seen in the earlier rituals.
In what appears to be the examination of a Master Mason, the responder relates what modern masons would recognise as that part of the legend of Hiram Abiff dealing with the recovery of his body, but in this instance the body is that of Noah , disinterred by his three sons in the hope of learning some secret, and the mason's word is cryptically derived from his rotting body.
Hiram Abiff is mentioned, but only as Solomon's master craftsman, inspired by Bezalel , who performed the same function for Moses. The tradition of deriving freemasonry from Noah seems to be shared with Anderson see Printed Constitutions above. Anderson also attributed primitive freemasonry to Noah in his constitutions. Aitchison's Haven[ edit ] The oldest minute book discovered is that of Aitchison's Haven, a location just outside Musselburgh , in East Lothian.
David Murray Lyon's history of the lodge, published in , mined the records of Edinburgh's oldest lodge, and produced a history of Scottish Freemasonry. The first entry, on 28 December , is a copy of the first Schaw statutes. The next year, on the last day of July, the first proper minute records disciplinary proceedings against a member who employed a cowan, or unqualified mason. The first entries are terse and not always helpful, expanding as successive secretaries became more conscientious.
The records trace the development of the lodge from an operative to a speculative society. The minutes are erratic, with spaces of some years between some entries. It is often impossible to tell if the minutes are lost, were never taken, or the lodge did not meet at all.
They do, however, contain the full text of a speech by the antiquary Francis Drake in , in which he discusses the contemplation of geometry, and the instructive lectures which ought to be occurring in lodges. He used the York legend to claim precedence of his own lodge over all others in England, and being a more careful historian than the compilers of the Old Charges, Edwin the son of Athelstan became Edwin of Northumbria , adding three centuries to his lodge's pedigree.
Later minutes show the lodge adding ritual, and developing a five degree system from a single ceremony where a candidate was admitted and made a Fellow Craft in one evening. The minutes cease for the final time in Plans by Quatuor Coronati Lodge to publish them all were interrupted by the First World War, and only one volume was published, covering the minutes of the Premier Grand Lodge of England from their first minutes in to The first of five volumes of Grand Lodge minutes contained three lists of subscribing lodges and their members, dating from , , and The lodges are first numbered in John Pine's engraved list of All three manuscript lists have had lodges added after their compilation, but in spite of this they still trace the development of the first Grand Lodge during a critical period in its development, as it moved from being an association of London lodges to a national institution.
No further lists were included in the minutes. They start on 24 June with the approval of Anderson's constitutions, and the resolution that no alteration or innovation in the "Body of Masonry" could occur without the approval of Grand Lodge.
The Earl of Dalkeith was then elected as the next Grand Master, but his chosen deputy, John Theophilus Desaguliers , was only approved by 43 votes to After dinner the outgoing Grand Master, the Duke of Wharton , asked for a recount. This being refused, he walked out. Many such human touches are revealed in the minutes, together with the beginnings of masonic charities and discipline of masons and lodges.
There are no minutes for the year , and only rough notes from the Antients, leaving a gap in the run-up to union that must be spanned from other sources. Although these have still to be published, they have been extensively mined by masonic writers, particularly Bywater's biography of Dermott, which draws verbatim from the minutes.
Dermott's style is quirky, occasionally obtuse, and often full of dry humour. Discipline is a frequent subject, collecting dues from delinquent lodges, and the "leg of mutton" masons who admitted men to the Holy Royal Arch for the price of such a meal without the least idea what the actual ritual was, and claimed to teach a masonic technique for becoming invisible.
The conflict between the two Grand Lodges, while obvious from other contemporary sources, is largely absent from both sets of minutes. Written mainly in Latin until the Reformation , they comprise accounts, letters, and other documents relating to the building and maintenance of the church.
They elected the master of works of Strasbourg Cathedral as their perpetual presiding officer. The General Assembly was held again in and , and the statutes and society were approved by the Emperor Maximilian in The final form of the statutes regulated the activity of master masons Meister , with an appendix of rules for companions or fellows Gesellen , and apprentices Diener.
This ended in abuse of power, and the Magistrates removed the privilege in Strasbourg was annexed by France in , and its rule over German operative lodges interdicted at the beginning of the 18th century. While there seems little likelihood that the code affected the emergence of German speculative lodges in the 18th century, they may have had some influence on a few of the English "charges".
The Cologne guild comprised both stonemasons and carpenters, and was repeatedly referred to as the Fraternity of St. John the Baptist. This meant he was in charge of the erection, repair and maintenance of all government buildings, and also the running of what was already a fraternity of masons, who ensured that all building work was undertaken by properly qualified persons, and also provided for their own sick and the widows of their members.
Schaw formalised the working of the lodges in two sets of statutes, set down on 28 December and Many now see these as the beginnings of modern Freemasonry. Robert Cooper, the archivist and writer, goes so far as to call Schaw the Father of Freemasonry.
The Statute enjoined masons to be true to one another, and live charitably together as becomes sworn brothers and companions of the craft. This shows that there was already an oath involved, and invoked the legal definition of a brother as one to whom another was bound by oath.
There followed directives as to the regulation of the craft, and provisions for the masters of every lodge to elect a warden to have charge of the lodge every year, and that the choice be approved by the Warden General.
An apprentice had to serve seven years before being received into a lodge, and a further seven before becoming a fellow in craft, unless by consent of the masters, deacons and wardens, and after examination.
The term Entered Apprentice is used for an apprentice who has been admitted to the lodge. The document was circulated to every lodge in Scotland, which caused some degree of upset in Kilwinning.
The lodge in Kilwinning claimed to be the oldest lodge in Scotland, and was insulted not to have been represented. They sent Archibald Barclay to a further meeting in , from which issued the second Statute, again on 28 December.
In an attempt to paper over the crack created by the first meeting, Edinburgh was declared the first and principle lodge, Kilwinning the second and head lodge. Stirling came third. Kilwinning was given charge of the West of Scotland, and charged to examine their masons in "the art of memory", with fines prescribed for failure.
What is being remembered is unspecified, but evidently known to all the masons present. Schaw also insisted that each lodge employ a notary, which resulted in the Scottish lodges starting to keep minutes. The document ends by thanking Archibald Barclay, and looking forward to obtaining the King's warrant for the statutes.
Kilwinning, far from being appeased, took no further part in the dealings of Schaw's lodges. It hangs on the west wall of the temple of Lodge Kirkwall Kilwinning No.
The left border appears to show the wanderings of the Israelites before they arrived in Egypt, and reads from top to bottom. The right shows their wanderings in the wilderness after the Exodus, with the route marked in years from 1 to 46, and branching many times at the end.
The central cloth contains seven painted scenes and tableaux.
The bottom scene shows an altar flanked by two pillars, all surrounded by more or less familiar masonic symbols. Working upwards, the second has an altar surrounded by a different set of symbols, the third has the altar and pillars together with the cherubim present on the arms of the Antient Grand Lodge of England , the Grand Lodge of Ireland and the United Grand Lodge of England.Collectively they are known as the 'Scottish School'.
The historian Andrew Prescott sees both the Regius and Cooke manuscripts as part of the struggle of mediaeval masons to determine their own pay, particularly after the statute of banning assemblies of masons. The statement may have been made to flatter the fraternity by claiming membership for a previous monarch. MacIlyar H. In Ill. It will certainly not waste your time. Analysis of the handwriting places it a hundred years later, and later papers have been found in Cecil's bundle.
His son, now named as Edwinne, is the expert geometrician who obtains his father's charter for an annual assembly of masons, that should be "renewed from Kinge to Kinge".
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